Insurance contracts can be defined or categorized in various manners. Two of these common contracts are indemnity contracts and valued contracts. These two contracts represent one of various insurance dichotomies. On the one hand, indemnity is more on the compensation aspect, but it is important to note that not all of the existing insurance contracts are the same with the nature of indemnity contracts.
An Insurance Contract only focuses in order to compensate for the clients’ losses. An insured that faces a loss covered by an indemnity contract will eventually not going to receive profit from the claim payment. In order for this to happen, indemnity contracts include only losses that can be measured. Hence, underwriters put a high premium on the value and amount of all possible insurable assets. The insured himself must be recognized in view of his declared valuations of insurable assets in view of an indemnity contract. In most cases, the insurer is usually required to produce or submit important documentation of the total value of all of his asset/s for example, real estate or land, jewellery.
This principle of indemnity will permit the insurer to pay a smaller amount compared to the money insured but never go beyond the sum insured. If the replacement fee of an asset is smaller than the original amount, the insurer can be liable only in paying the replacement fee – even if it is smaller than the insured amount. But, in case the replacement value higher, the cost will now be shouldered by the insured. It is important therefore that these policy owners of an IC to immediately insure all of their assets. Indemnity contracts which do not possess sufficient coverage can give a bad light to the insurance history of the insurance owner.
Moreover, in the contract of indemnity, any insured client cannot get insurance which is beyond his insurable interest. For example, if a person buys full insurance on a commercial building that same person co-owns only a total of 50% share.
If this client for instance destroys the building insured, the co-owner will not be able to get a full compensation from the insurance company. The insurance company will only provide the 50% of the total lost amount because that is the limit of the client’s insurable investment or interest in the property.
An indemnity contract is the total opposite of the valued contract. The valued contract is more focused on an insured benefit and not on the amount or value connected to a loss. This is due to the fact that the valued contracts, as life insurance basically include very vital assets such as life or body parts like limbs. Thus this kind of insurance is considered to be one of the most important among all existing insurances.
In conclusion, indemnity is indeed one of the most essential principles of insurance. It extends assistance and support to strengthen other principles like insurable interest, subrogation, and even as plain as good faith. Indemnity seeks to give back completely the policy owners for actual and quantifiable losses. Because of this each and everyone therefore is encouraged if budget permits to get this very beneficial form of insurance.